|A cutting is a
piece of a plant (e.g.
root or other
plant part) removed from a
and capable of
to grow a
whole new plant, a clone.
herbaceous plants are
propagated by cuttings. There are many types of cuttings. Often,
a plant can be
propagated by more than one method of cutting. The cutting
is then placed into
medium so that the
base of the
cutting is below the surface. Some plants will
readily from cuttings while others take a considerable amount of
time and care. Rooting condition may vary considerably in
species and type of cutting but in general the best
conditions needed for most kind of cuttings to root comprises
temperatures of 20°C to 25° C.
These conditions may be created by keeping cuttings enclosed
under glass or in plastic bags in
shade. Cover container and cutting with a plastic bag tent
to maintain high humidity. Cuttings must be shielded from
sunlight, especially if they are under glass or plastic.
Check the rooting medium every few days to make sure it remains
Rooting can take from a few days up to several months. After a
few weeks, test for rooting by gently tugging at the cutting. If
there is resistance, rooting has started and the plastic cover
may be removed.
Rooting hormones may be used with this method as they helps
rooting, but is optional.
The principal typology of
STEM CUTTING: A cutting taken from a stems or
stem piece (e.g. shoot, twig, sucker, etc) from both woody
and herbaceous plants.
cuttings: A stem
cutting taken from nonwoody plants, such as perennials
cuttings: A stem cutting taken from woody plants
that have not yet become woody.
cuttings: A stem cutting from woody plant taken from
tissue which has become woody
and cacti cutting: A stem cutting from a branch or piece
of a succulent plant stem.
LEAF CUTTING: (Also known as "leaf propagation"
or "mother leaf") A cutting taken from a leaf or leaf piece.
BUD CUTTING & LEAF BUD CUTTING: A cutting taken
from a small piece of stem with one or two buds or
ROOT CUTTING: A cutting taken from a root or root
PEDUNCLE CUTTING: A cutting taken from a
RHIZOME CUTTING: A cutting taken from a rhizome
or rhizome piece.
FRUIT CUTTING: A cutting taken from a fruit.