enneacanthus (form with very long stout spines)
SB700 Cuchillo, Coah. MX
The plants of this species are densely covered with long spines
that give them a straw-like appearance.
Description: Plants caespitose forming dense
or lax clumps either loose decumbent, or erect with 20-100(-500)
branches, usually branching before flowering. ,
Stems: 5-14 cm diameter up to over 100 cm long, The stems of this
species are soft bright green and often remain wrinkled.
Ribs: 7-12 prominent warty.
Areoles: 18-52 mm apart.
Radial spines: Curved needle-like brownish, bulbous at the base
5-9 per areole, 25-45 mm;
Central spines: long and divergent 1-5 per areole, 55-95 mm.
Flowers; Purple-red to pink in varying shades, and diurnal.
Blooming in spring.
Fruit: Round pale yellow-green or dull reddish, 20-30 mm, pulp
white or pale pink. The fruit (especially enneacanthus var. stramineus)
are edible. After the spines are removed from the green-brown flesh of
the fruit, it can be eaten and tastes similar to, hence the name
Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and
cultivars of Echinocereus enneacanthus:
E. enneacanthus subsp. enneacanthus has stems that are 5
to 25 cm thick; Central spines long and divergent 1-5 per areole,
radial spinescurved up to 4 cm long. This subspecies is the most
common of the two.
enneacanthus subsp. brevispinus has stems that are less
than 5 inches thick; Erect and straight central spines and radial
spines that are les
Cultivation: Rot easily it is sensitive to
overwatering (rot prone) needs a very good drainage to avoid
rotting, Keep drier and cool in winter. Need full
sun. Very cold resistant It can withstand freezing temperatures
but not too much water (resistant to approx -12C or
less for short periods of time)
Propagation: Cuttings that are left out to callus off before
planting ; Also can be grown from seeds.
Published in: F. A. Wislizenus, Mem.
Tour N. Mexico. 111. 1848
Origin: New Mexico, Texas and Northeastern
Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí and
Chihuahuan desert scrub, flats,
rarely rocky slopes; 600-1800 m;
Common Names include: Strawberry hedgehog cactus, Straw-Colored Hedgehog, Pitaya, Alicoche
- Echinocereus merkeri
- Echinocereus sarissophorus
- Echinocereus uspenskii
- Cereus merkeri
- Echinocereus enneacanthus var. dubius
- Echinocereus dubius
- Cereus dubius