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0531 Agave horrida ssp. perotensis (Agave obscura Perote, Veracruz, Mexico.)

Agave horrida ssp. perotensis (Agave obscura Perote, Veracruz, Mexico.)
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Descrizione

A. horrida ssp. perotensis (conosciuta anche come A. obscura Perote). ha foglie verdi con prominenti spine grigie e cornee lungo i margini, che la distinguono dall' A. obscura con foglie verde chiaro e spine marginali rossicce.

Family: Agavaceae

Scientific name: Agave horrida Lemaire ex Jacobi ssp. perotensis Ullrich ssp. Nov.
Cact. Suc. Mex. 35(4):80, ill. )P.96), 1990

Remarks: Agave horrida ssp. perotensis is a subspecies of Agave horrida often incorrectly named as Agave obscura. It has green leaves with prominent, grey-white thorns along the margins and is thus easy to distinguish from the standard A. obscura that has light green leaves and reddish teeth.

Origin:  Enemic to a small area between Perote in the state of Veracruz and Zacatepec just over the border with the state of Puebla. This plant grows some 50 km to the south of the habitat of Agave obscura to which it is often confused.

Habitat: Grows on lava fields on rocky mountains along with Pinion trees.

Agave horrida ssp. perotensis (a young specimen at the end of winter rest)

Description: A. horrida subsp. perotensis is a small to medium sized Agave, with solitary and compact rosettes. Plant belonging to this taxon were previously misinterpreted as A. obscura.
Stem:
Acaulescent.
Leaves: Pale or dark green, rigid, strongly armed. 25-40 cm long x 5-8 cm wide, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, slightly narrowed above the base. Straight or slightly curved toward the centre of the plant. Upper surface flat or slightly hollowed, lower surface convex, margins strong,
corneous, uninterrupted with straight or curved marginal teeth often flexuous and bent downward (sometime hooked), of variable size: small (3-5 mm tall) or big (10-15 mm tall) 1-3 cm apart, flattened at the base and usually grey (or reddish-brown when very young). Apical spine, conic-subulate, pungent, 3-5 cm long broadly decurrent.
Flowers: Blooms appear lumped together in a spiralling sequence on the upper third of a 3-5 m tall tapering inflorescence. Flowers purple to yellowish-red, 35-40 mm, long, tube shortly funnel shaped,3-5 mm long, lobes, equal, 15-16 mm long on a short peduncle. When the Agave start to flourish it is possible to observe a gradual changes in the centre of the plant, the leaves becoming smaller as did the teeth, some of which vanished completely. Once the flowering process start often the plant starts to produced offsets both at the base of and centrally within the plant.
Seeds: Lunate 3-4 x 2.5 mm.

  

Cultivation: Good in containers. Agave horrida ssp. perotensis is a relatively easy-to-grow species. Need  a very well-drained, soil. It is hardy to -7° C (or less),  particularly when dry.  It  grows fairly fast in summer if provided with copious water but allows to dry thoroughly before watering again. During the winter months, one should only water enough to keep the leaves from shrivelling. They do well in full sun or a lightly shaded area. Plants cultivated outdoors are drought tolerant and takes blasting heat and full sun. In cultivation this species gives few problems at a lower temperature.

Propagation: Usually by seed.

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