Euphorbia ferox

Euphorbia ferox

Euphorbia ferox

Euphorbia ferox ha fantastiche spine di colore blu/porpora, ramifica abbondantemente e forma densi cuscini rotondeggianti.
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Euphorbia ferox ha fantastiche spine di colore blu/porpora, ramifica abbondantemente e forma densi cuscini rotondeggianti.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Scientific name:  Euphorbia ferox
Described by Dr. Marloth in 1913

Introduction: Euphorbia ferox belongs to a group of plants, together with the closely related species Euphorbia pulvinata and Euphorbia aggregata, which can be recognised by their striking growing-shape.  They consist mostly of compact, multiple-branched and heavily-thorned cushions. These species are closely related, and for an outsider it's very difficult to distinguish them. There are differences though. The english nickname "pincushion" says enough.

Origin: South Africa, Great Karoo area (the distribution-area starts in the east around Graaff Reinet, and from there to the west until Beaufort West. )

Habitat: At some locations it is the most dominant vegetation, often growing together with Euphorbia esculenta and Euphorbia mammillaris.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Common NamePincushion Euphorbia

Synonyms: Euphorbia caepitosa

Euphorbia ferox has fantastic purple spines
and offsets freely to produce a beautiful mounded plant.

Decription: Small spiny succulent shrublet branching at the base, it will form rounded clusters up to 60 cm in diameter.
Stem: It has columnar spiny succulent green stems, about 5 cm in diameter.  The stem looks like a green corncob with thorns.  Ribs are linear with minimal cross-channels.
Leaves: Tiny, ephemerals.
Spines: The spines are indeed solitary sterile peduncles.  They are very numerous, about 6 mm apart, stout, spiny rigid, 1-6 cm straight , reddish turning purple and finally grey.



Note: Euphorbia ferox has a large area of distribution and is a very variable species. The difference between populations is the frequency of the appearance in which these forms do occur. So it is possible that two individuals of two different populations can look very similar and also, that two plants of the same population can look very different. However when you are looking at the whole population, you can see the difference between one population and another.

E. ferox belongs to Euphorbia section 19, along with E. aggregata, mammillaris, anoplia, enopla, heptagona, pentagona and polygona which are all similar in form.  In particular, E. ferox looks a lot like E. enopla, but E. ferox is much fatter.

Cultivation: Common and easy to grow plant for pot culture. It grows well in a very draining mineral potting substrate, but it isn't picky about soil.  The area to which this plant is native receives rains in both winter and summer, so it can be watered moderately all year around (except in the coldest month of the winter, as it rots easily, especially if overly wet). During the summer they enjoy average feeding and watering.  When dormant in winter, keep it totally dry at or around 4°C, even though it seems to tolerate light frosts well.  Mature healthy plants are tough and can also be grown out-of-doors where frost is not too severe, but when left out it is more sensitive to frost.  They do need a lot of light to keep their compact growth-form, but different clones vary in their tolerance of full sunshine. But best colour if grown in protection in light shade, where the thick purple spines of this low-growing clumping columnar plant have the best colour.  Sometimes, in really hot full sun all day long, a plant will bleach out a bit

Propagation: It is propagated by cuttings (It branches enthusiastically, and offsets are readily available).  If you remove an offset, remember to let it dry for a week or so, letting the wound heal (cuttings planted too soon easily rot before they can grow roots). It is better to wash the cut to remove the latex.

Warning: As with all other Euphorbias when a plant get damaged it exudes a thick white milky sap known as latex. This latex is poisonous, and may irritate skin.  Pay extreme attention not to get any in your eyes or mouth.
Cultivated plants must be handled carefully.