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  Astrophytum capricorne var. aureum
(Syn: Astrophytum senilis var. aureum)

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Astrophytum capricorne aureum

Description: Plant with sharp ribs that differs from the type species for the absence of white flocks.
Stem: Globular to short cylindrical with age up to 35-40 cm tall and 15 cm in diameter. The epidermis is green/bluish sometime tinged in purple.
Spines: Up to 20 per areole characteristically golden yellow when young, but as they ages become greyish like in the other capricorne. They similar in shape to those of A. senilis , bristly, flexible, 5 to 7(-10) cm long and pointing in all directions that often form up spirals, they are so densely nest wrapped that the body is hardly visible and looks like a dry grass bundle. The lateral ones grows horizontally sideways at first and then buckle while the others point +/-upwards. After rain they wet and become very flabby.
Flowers: Diurnal yellow with a red centre (like in the type species).

Easy to grow. Use mineral well permeable substratum (rot prone). Water sparingly from March till October and keep perfectly dry in winter at temperatures from 5 to 15 degrees centigrade. (but it is Hardy to -7°C for short periods) In the rest period no high atmospheric humidity!! Sun Exposure: Light shade to full sun.

They can be propagated from seed.


Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of Astrophytum capricorne:





Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name: Astrophytum capricorne v. aureum (MOELLER) OKUMURA
HOOCK, H. 1992 . Kakt. and. Sukk. Band: 43 Heft (3) Seite 58-63 Das Gold der Sierra Paila:

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2

Origin:  Sierra de la Paila (between Viesca and Parras de la Fuente) Coahuila, Mexico

Habitat: it grows in a very arid area near to the habitat of A. capricorne senilis ( rain about 200mm/annun and irregular with less than 10 mm in January). The daily and seasonal temperature fluctuation is considerable, and in winter it is not infrequent a night frost followed by a hot temperature the same day.

A young Astrophytum senile var. aureum (sensu Backeberg)
P 289 alfresco.
Photo and © copyright by Konstantin V. Korotkov.
 (Sergiev Posad, Moscow reg., Russia)




  • Astrophytum aureum (Backeb.) Halda & Malina 2005a
  • Astrophytum aureum HAAGE, W. 1981
  • Astrophytum capricorne aurea BOMMELJE, C. 1951
  • Astrophytum capricorne aureum BACKEBERG, C. (OKUMURA) 1961
  • Astrophytum capricorne f. aureum DONALD, J.D. (KRAINZ) 1975
  • Astrophytum capricorne v. aurea MARSHALL, W.T.; BOCK, T.M. 1941
  • Astrophytum capricorne v. aureum BORG, J. 1951
  • Astrophytum capricorne v. aureus GILKEY, J.E. 1944
  • Astrophytum capricorne v. luteum NOYES, F.B. 1943
  • Astrophytum senile f. flavispina HAAGE, W.; SADOVSKY, O. 1957
  • Astrophytum senile v. aureispinum SADOVSKY, O. 1951
  • Astrophytum senile v. aureum BACKEBERG, C. 1937
  • Echinocactus capricornis v. aureum MEGATA, M. 1944
  • Echinocactus capricornis v. aureus BERGER, A. 1929
  • Echinocactus capricornus v. aurea SUHR, R. (zit.: GASSER, J.) 1925
  • Echinocactus capricornus v. aureus  MÖLLER, H. 1925

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery Astrophytum

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