Scientific Name: Agave victoria-reginae T. Moore, 1875. cult.
Origin: It is endemic to the arid lower elevations of the Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains in the state of Coahuila and south of Nuevo Leon in north-eastern Mexico (Huasteca canyon, Sierras de las Noas, Viesca, and adjacent areas just south of Saltillo).
Common Names include: (Mexican) Noa
Etymology: It has been named and described in honour of Queen Victoria of England by Thomas Moore.
A wild plant in habitat from La Huasteca, in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon.
Description: A. Victoria-reginae is a very slow growing but tough and beautiful Agave. It is consider the to be one of the most beautiful and desirable species. Forms individual slow growing dense rosettes up to 45 cm in diameter (but usually rarely grows taller than 22 cm), most populations are solitary, but some offset heavily (forma caespitosa). It is extremely variable with the very open black-edged form sporting a distinct name (King Ferdinand's agave, Agave ferdinandi-regis) and several forms that are the more common white-edged form. Several cultivars have been named with different patterns of white leaf markings or no white markings (var. viridis) or variegation.
Traditional uses: These plants were discovered by the Spaniards in the 17th century where the local Indians used them for fibres, food and to make an alcoholic drink like Tequila. The fibres were used to make clothing and ropes. Most of the plant was used for food, raw and cooked. Flowering stems and flowers are edible and were roasted or boiled.
|With their exquisite symmetry and fantastic white-on-green markings, they are among the few agave of a proper size for most houses. Excellent for the cactus garden or in pots, where they stay manageable sized plants for many years.|
Cultivation: It requires well-drained soil and light shade to full sun exposure, but they prefer some afternoon shade during the hottest summer month to avoid being fried by sun. It should be kept rather dry in winter or dormant season with minimum temperatures above zero in order to obtain good results,but it will tolerate quite low temperatures ( -10° C), particularly when dry. To give this marvellous plant vigour and life, water well during spring and summe and let it become barely moist between waterings.
Propagation: It reproduces thanks to the seeds or by the suckers produced at the base of the stems in the spring. Propagate them in evenly moist soil, mist occasionally and keep in filtered sunlight until they are growing.